World’s Biggest Polluters Ratify the Paris Climate Change Agreement

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World’s Biggest Polluters Ratify the Paris Climate Change Agreement

Ratification by top polluters

This week, China and the United States of America both ratified the Paris Climate Change Agreement signally momentum toward the Agreement entering into force. Although 180 parties are signatories to the Agreement, there are only 26 parties who have ratified the Convention. In the absence of ratification by at least 55 parties, who account for at least 55% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the Paris Climate Change Agreement will not enter into force.


China and the United States of America are together responsible for 40% of global GHG emissions. Prior to their ratification, the Agreement was ratified by countries with none or insignificant GHG emissions. The recent ratification by China and the USA will hopefully be one less barrier to countries ratifying the Agreement, which now has the support of the world’s top two polluters.

Paris Agreement

The Paris Climate Change Agreement seeks to unite a global consensus to keep global warming below two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to limit any further increase to one and a half degrees through aggressive reductions in the emissions of GHGs. The state developed, nationally determined contributions (NDCs), commit states to developing their own targets and reduction strategies with annual progress reporting and a global assessment every five years.  Technological and financial support for developing countries is prioritized under the Agreement.


See our original summary of the Paris Agreement here.

View the text of the Agreement here.


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